Director of developed shorelines program criticizes quality of sand removed from Big Pass to renourish Lido Key Beach

Army Corps of Engineers disputes Robert Young’s assertions

This is one photo of the shells on the renourished Lido Key Beach. Image courtesy of Dr. Robert Young

The director of the Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines at Western Carolina University in Cullowhee, N.C., recently published a report criticizing the quality of sand on the renourished Lido Key Beach.

The title of Robert Young’s Jan. 27 LinkedIn article is This beach will cut your foot!

In his opening, Young pointed out that when the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) was working on plans for the Lido Key Hurricane and Storm Damage Reduction Project, its staff members “rejected an offshore borrow area because they determined that the material would not be compatible with the native beach sand nor meet State of Florida guidelines for beach quality sand.

“Instead,” Young continued, “the Corps, along with the City of Sarasota targeted nearby sand shoals within Big Pass, an inlet separating Lido and Siesta Keys. Big Pass had never previously been dredged or manipulated — a rarity these days. The sand was closer and cheaper,” Young added. “Bingo!”

On Jan. 27, he wrote, he had his first opportunity “to see the high quality material that the USACE, the City and the Lido residents were after.”
He provided a series of photos to illustrate his contention that “[a] significant portion of the beach is shell hash.”

“In my opinion,” he continued, “this material doesn’t come close to matching the native beach sand in this part of the Florida Gulf Coast. You can’t even walk barefoot on much of it.”

The Program for the Study of Developed Shorelines (PSDS) is a “joint Duke University/Western Carolina University venture,” the program website explains. “The primary mission of PSDS is to conduct scientific research into coastal processes and to translate that science into management and policy recommendations through a variety of professional and public outreach mechanisms,” the website adds. “The Program specializes in evaluating the design and implementation of coastal engineering projects.”

A second photo in Robert Young’s article shows another portion of the renourished Lido Beach. mage courtesy of Dr. Robert Young

Altogether, a USACE spokesman told The Sarasota News Leader late last year, 683,084 cubic yards of sand was removed from borrow areas in Big Sarasota Pass for placement on Lido Key, which state environmental leaders had called “critically eroded.” The state permit for the project allowed up to 1.3 million cubic yards of sand to be dredged from the pass. However, the solicitation that the USACE published in December 2019 for the undertaking placed the expected total at 710,000 cubic yards.

In his article, Young did provide what he called “Full disclosure” about having served as a witness in a state proceeding in December 2017, in which leaders of two Siesta Key organizations sought to prevent the use of Big Pass as the sand source for the Lido project. During that Division of Administrative Hearings (DOAH) proceeding, the Siesta Key Association (SKA) and Save Our Siesta Sand 2 (SOSS2) sought to prevent the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) from issuing the permit to the USACE and the City of Sarasota for the Lido initiative. The city is the local sponsor of the renourishment project.

Young noted in his Jan. 27 article that the administrative law judge ruled for the USACE and the city, but Young also pointed out that FDEP “vigorously defends all permits they issue (and believe me, they issue permits for all the applications they get).”

Robert S. Young. Photo courtesy Western Carolina University

Young further acknowledged, “I imagine that if you are a condo owner, you are more than happy to have a wide, flat beach in front of your investment. The waves are no longer lapping up against the bulkheads as they once were. And, if you don’t look too closely,” Young continued, “the beach doesn’t look too bad.”

Nonetheless, Young wrote, “[T]he beach is bad. It is much coarser than promised. … With everyone, everywhere building beaches these days, poor sediment quality is becoming an important issue. We need better post-project assessments to see how the design predicted the outcome.”

Young added, “Who grades this beach? We are all paying for it.”

In response to a Sarasota News Leader request for comments from the City of Sarasota about the quality of sand, City Engineer Alexandrea DavisShaw, who has worked closely with USACE staff members over a period of years, wrote in a Feb. 1 email, “The location where the dredging started, at the east segment of the borrow area, had material that was more shelly than the area on the west side section of the borrow area. In addition, the contractor found many tires in the eastern area, which they removed, helping to clean that area up.”

DavisShaw then pointed out, “The Army Corps did a site visit last week and collected post-construction samples. Jen Coor (USACE Geologist) said that she was ‘very happy’ with the material and will proceed with the permit required sieving and analysis. Once that is done, we should be able to give you more detail of the composition of the material.”

In a Feb. 1 telephone interview with the News Leader, Carl Shoffstall, the long-time president of the Lido Key Residents Association, said of the shell situation, “We are OK with it. … Nobody out here is very upset.”
He stressed — as he has in the past — “We needed the sand,” as erosion posed a serious threat to property owners.

In remarks similar to those of DavisShaw, Shoffstall noted that the sand that came from further out in Big Pass was of a higher quality.

He further emphasized, as DavisShaw had, that “We did clear out a lot of rubber tires,” which apparently had been deposited in the pass years ago in an attempt to form an artificial reef. Those were “not environmentally friendly,” he pointed out.

Additionally, the News Leader contacted the USACE at its Jacksonville District Office.

In a Feb. 1 email, USACE spokesman David Ruderman wrote, “Beach placement material is strictly controlled for quality and shell size, [and] the Corps monitors the contractor’s oversight and collects and assesses samples throughout the course of the beach nourishment to ensure compliance with requirements, all of which were met at Lido Key. The anecdotal comments I’ve heard throughout the project have been that the sand quality is terrific, so I’m not sure what Prof. Young is referring to.”

This is an aerial view of Lido Key Beach taken in early December 2020, as the renourishment portion of the project was nearing its end. Image courtesy of Michael Holderness

Tackling the groin construction

Having managed the placement of the new sand on the beach, the USACE is engaged in the construction of two groins on South Lido Key to try to hold the sand in place between subsequent renourishments.

When the News Leader asked Ruderman of the USACE about the status of that portion of the project, he replied in his Feb. 1 email, “The contractor has been building what they call ‘mattresses’ — these are the geo-grid pads filled with stone that will be placed on the beach as the foundation of the groins to be constructed. As of late last week they had completed 132 and planned to complete that operation over the weekend just passed.”

Ruderman added, “There has been a slight delay due to some kind of train scheduling issue for receipt of what they call the ‘armor stone’ — the large stones that are the visible physicality of the groin. Some has already arrived and has been stockpiled, and the contractor is expecting the balance over the next three weeks or so. In the meantime, they expect to begin constructing a test section during [the] second week of February. They will build a section on the beach and the Corps specialists will collect data and assess the construction to ensure it meets design requirements.”

This is a portion of a marine mattress, which is part of the makeup of a groin. Image courtesy U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

“Bottom line is, minor delay in armor stone deliveries but the project is tracking on schedule, with the usual caveats regarding weather, personnel, equipment and, a first for me — commercial train hauling issues,” Ruderman wrote.

The News Leader also asked him about the fact that the dredge that worked in Big Pass, which is owned by the Cottrell Contracting Corp. of Chesapeake, Va., is still in the pass.

As of Jan. 28, Ruderman responded, “[T]he contractor is still demobilizing equipment for transport off the key, so no surprise the dredge is still on the scene. Nothing to worry about.”

Last fall, after the beach renourishment was finished, Ruderman told the News Leaderthe USACE expected the dredge would be departing around Christmas Day.

A News Leader check of the Rockbridge dredge’s position on the morning of Feb. 3, through, showed it on the eastern side of Lido Key, in the vicinity of the county’s Ted Sperling Park.

This graphic, which the News Leader created on the morning of Feb. 3 from a map on the website, shows the location of the Rockbridge dredge, marked by the blue circle on the eastern side of Lido Key. Image from

1 thought on “Director of developed shorelines program criticizes quality of sand removed from Big Pass to renourish Lido Key Beach”

  1. I live across from the Pavilion on LIDO. I walk the beach regularly and I dispute the claims that the new beach sand is poor quality. MOST of the beach is now soft and shell-free, especially compared to the prior re-nourishment attempts.

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